珞襁褞瑣 蒻褞璋韜 チナムマヒタメヘタ゚  チネチヒネホメナハタ

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ツナムメヘネハ マナミフムハホテホ モヘネツナミムネメナメタ

末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末末

2009 ミホムムネノムハタ゚ ネ ヌタミモチナニヘタ゚ ヤネヒホヒホテネ゚ ツ.

1

モトハ 821(091)

ニタヘミホツロノ ムネヘメナヌ ツ ンムムナネムメネハナ ホチミネ チナミトムヒネ

(ォネムハモムムメツホ ミナハヒタフヘホテホ ルネメタサ

ネ ォマミホムマナハメ トピ ツホヒワマホヘナサ)

ヘ竟 ム瑙頌珞 チ瑩裘

褥 瑶裝 頏粽 頸褞瑣

マ褞韜 胛萵粢 鞣褞頸褪

614990, マ褞, .チ頏裘, 15. nsbochk@mail.ru ネ竟 タ裲瑙蓿粹 マ韭裘 瑰頌褊 瑶裝 頏粽 頸褞瑣 マ褞韜 胛萵粢 鞣褞頸褪 614990, マ褞, .チ頏裘, 15. ira-pikuleva@mail.ru ツ 瑣 頌裝 葢 鈞顆褥頷 韈粢蒟 韈粢胛 瑙肭韜胛 胙瑶 XIX . ホ碣 チ褞蓴 ォネ粽 裲瑟胛 頸狃 ォマ裲 蓁 ツ蟒.

マ裝籵褄 瑙琿韈 頷 韈粢蒟韜 糺粱褪 頷 鉅韶 蒟赳褄 砒 裝竟褊韃 赳糺 褞 , 硴頽頌顆褥 瑣 裲瑟胛 瑙. ム竟褪顆褥 褊韃 チ褞蓴 糺珸齏 碣瓊褊韋 珸 頸褞瑣 赳瑟 珸 粨萵 頌籵. マ鞣裲 頏韜 瑪, 裄琿, 顆 韜, 璋韶琿, 鍄粽 裲, チ褞蓴 鞳瑯 胛頌褊 頸瑣瑟, 褌 頌褊, 琿鉅. ム裝竟 褥韶琿 頸頽韈 磅裲鞣 珸 褊, 璢瑙蔘 瑰顆褥胛 糅褌褊胛 頌籵 顆 粽褥粽, 瑰 頏褪 赳糺 胙瑙頽 瑙肭韜胛 , 鈔 胛粽頸 裙 粽韋 砒趺 XIX-XX 粐., 胛蓴籵 ォ齏 蒟サ.

ハ裘 籵: 竟裼;

赳;

;

瑙;

硴頽頌顆;

ホ碣 チ褞蓴.

ヒ頸褞瑣 裝珞褪 碚 粨 頌- 韈褊韃 琲碚裹 琅韭琿 籵, 碚 糂裙 粽銕跫- 頌韋 頸褞瑣 赳糺 韈褊褊韜, 裨 竟褪顆褥頷 碣珸籵韜, - 糺粱褊韃 珸顆 韵 赳篏

萵頷 ォ蓖鈿璞 赳粽 瑩瑕- [ラ褞褻 1982: 90].

頌韭蟒 [ハ璢瑙 1972: 414]. ツ 褓褪韭- ツ 葢 瑙肭韜胛 胙瑶韭 頸褞瑣 瑰裲 赳糺 竟裼 - XIX 褪 ホ碣 チ褞蓴 ォThe Art of 韲瑯 瑕 ォ蒡趺粢 竟裼 赳- Hoardingサ / ォネ粽 裲瑟胛 頸狃

(1894) ォProspectus for Volponeサ / ォマ裲 糺 , 碚 裝竟褊韃, 褪瑙韃 蓁 ツ蟒 (1897, 硴. 1898) 琲碚 褪 韈瑕 珸顆 赳, 碣珸頷 裝竟粢 糺 韵 , 裹 裝籵褄 糺珸齏 裙 琿瑙 碚裹 肭碚 赳糒 サ;

瑕 蒡趺粢胛 頸韭. ツ 頷 碣瓊 竟裼 ォ鈕瑯 璞褥粢 竟 褄, 褌 褪 珸 瑟 硴瑰 頌籵 珞頷 裙 褌褊: 瑩瑕- 瑕瑣 齏 蒟 裝韋 琅 褞韈褪 蒡趺粢 頸, - 胛 糅褌褊韭 リ裲頏 チ褊 ト跟 聰顆 褄胛, 珸粨 韃 . ト 裝褄褊 粽韋 赳 碚 裝裙サ [テ瑜褊 1995: 3]. マ- 鈿璞韲 璞琿 裙 琲碚裹 鴒鞣 粲 粽 粽 璞褥粢 ォ竟褪顆- 韈瑕.

ン ( 瑙. essai , 矜, 頷 サ 珞褊 琅頽韶 褞;

瑣. exagium 粡粢鞣瑙韃) 赳瑟 ォ瑜珞褪 頌裝籵褄 ゥ チ瑩裘 ヘ.ム., マ韭裘 ネ.タ.

チ瑩裘 ヘ.ム., マ韭裘 ネ.タ. ニタヘミホツロノ ムネヘメナヌ ツ ンムムナネムメネハナ ホチミネ チナミトムヒネ (ォネムハモムムメツホ ミナハヒタフヘホテホ ルネメタサ ネ ォマミホムマナハメ トピ ツホヒワマホヘナサ).

鈞顆褥 竟褊韃 裔胛 磅褌 趺: 58]. ヘ.゚.ト籵 珸籵褪 ォ蓖韲 粽碚蓖 鉅韋, 瑕裹 瑰- 韈 粨蒡 褞狃 銛褪 碚韲 褞 褌 裝珞裹 褞- 竟瑟 瑕 竟韲顆. ミ瑰粢 褞 萵 竟蒻粨蔘琿 糀褶瑣褊 碣- 粽胛 粽褥籵 タ肭韋 頷蒻 趺 [フ珞裘 1975: 961]. ツ鈿韭粢韃 褞糒 粨 XVIII ., 聿 ォ 瑣頏 ナ糅 鍄籵 ォホ瑟霆 褥頷 跿琿瑾 ミ.ム齏 ト.タ蒿頌 フ.フ褊 (1580). ホ蓖瑕 タ肭韋 , 褶瑣琿頌 鞨-頸顆褥韃 鈞頌 籵 ツ.ネ.ヒ韵竟, 裝瑯 瑕 ォ瑟- 瑩瑕褞 磊糺 褊霆 [マ褄 磊 褊褊サ, 鈕瑯 ォ璋韶琿 1987: 263]. ニ琿 瑣 (articles in 蒟 赳狃 [ヒ韵竟 1990: 13, 2]. ネ- magazines), 褞裝粨 (editorials), 碣韭 蒡籵褄頽 瑩鞣瑯 肛裼 ォ- (columns), 韆 碚銜褊 (book reviews), 裘胛 糂籵サ 瑙肭韜胛 . ツ 裲 頸顆褥頷 珮 (some XIX . 赳 瑙粨 碚 forms of criticism) 粱 珸粨蓖 籵跫 粽褥粢 フ.チ頏碚, ユ.チ褄, [Shaw 1972: 104].

ン.ツ.ヒ瑰, ミ.ヒ竟萵. ツ 裴韭 碯- ツ.ネ.ヒ韵竟 韲瑯 瑕 碚 粽 齏 チ.リ, テ.モ, ム.フ. ホ- 聰韈籵 頌褌, 粹 鈞 碚 糺蒟 テ.ハ.ラ褥褞 褥粽籵 粱褪 粽碚萵 瑕 ホ.モ琺萵. ツ.ツ.ユ韜 褶瑯, 赳糺 韈瑕. ム粽碚萵, 趺 ォ瑙肭韜韃 蒡跫韭 1890- 聽. 磊 粽 糘 粨 XVII . 瑙 ォ襃 磅裲鞣 裝籵褄- 褊 粽鴦籵 瑙肭韜胛 蟒, , 裝頸 赳 , 瑪胛 ォ鴒鞣 韵肛褥韲 韃頏 瑕瑣狃 [ユ韜 1995: 56]. 胛 赳狃. ト肛 褻頡顆褥韃 ン裴韭 硴瑰 頸褞瑣胛 韈瑕 瑙肭韜胛 , 糺蒟褌 頌 粽褥籵, 糀頌籵褪 琅- 裝籵褄頽裨, 珮蒟 琅 竟蒻 韶 鞨蔘 ォ, 頏韭, 蓿瑟狃. 粨蔘琿, 裝竟顆 珞褪 ム跫 裝褄褊韋 褻頡韭 , 韈碣琥褊韃 竟蒻粨蔘琿 ォ粹褞蒡粽 サ [ユ琿韈裘 2000: 317], 褪胛 ォサ, 頏韈, 鈔 -粨蒻, 碯粱褊 裹 碚 頏- 鉅, 顆, 竟韲 璞琿 [ヒ韵竟 蒡, 鈞瑯 ォ蒻瑟顆 1990: 2-27]. マ 粽裨 磅裲鞣 珞 褞裝籵韋 瑩琅琿 粮襌褊韋 裨 蓖 瑕韲 赳瑟, 瑕 珸 碚 頏韆褊 ン 蔘粹 礪胙瑶韋, 頏顆褥韃 蓖裘韭, 蒟跖 瑕 褄 韲褊 褞肛裨 粡琲- 竟韲 頌, 趺 瑰粽籵 褞襄蒡, 肬粢 褞裲褊韜 裙 頏籵韋. ホ顆韃 頸 , 韈 碣珸胛 萵 韜, 韈 粱- 韲裹 ォ 胛 琅褥瑣, 褊胛 磊粽鮟 [ン裨 1988: 345]. 糅褌褊 韭璋韋, 肛褥 ニ瑙 硴琅瑯 ォ竟韵鞨 粹- 籵韋サ [メ瑟 趺 : 6].

赳粽サ , 珮韈頏 蒻 韈 粨- モ頸籵 糺褥珸瑙, 褪韲, 蒡 粽褊 蒟鴦粨褄 (瑪, 粹 褞瑟 , 裝褄韲 蒡褊琿, 竟韲, 蒡趺粢- 裙 赳粽 粽褓碣珸韃, 粱 粽碚 ), 褞褪 粽 褥粽 裘瓊- 聰韈璋 裲 粽碚蓖 珸粨韃 褪 赳 瑣, 蓖裘韭, 頌粢蒻, 瑰- , 磅裲鞣 竟蒻粨蔘琿胛 珸 [ン裨 2005: 373]. 粨蒟 頌瑙 蒟鴦粨褄.

ン 蓖, 蓖 , 瑕- ォThe Art of Hoardingサ / ォネ粽 裲 瑣裨, 蓿胛 瑰珸 [ト- 瑟胛 頸狃, 硴韭籵 ォThe New 籵 1970: 58]. ツ タ肭韋 粽 ォ蟒 Reviewサ (ケ 11, 1894, .53-55), 碚鈿璞 ォ珸碣珸 竟褊, - ゚.ヤ褪褞 褊鞣瑯 瑕 瑟 鈿璞頸褄 ミ韋 粢粢 粽褌 - 韈 瑙裹 鈕瑙胛 チ褞蓴 (the most signifi 蒟赳 珸顆 珸籵サ: cant of his early pieces) [Fletcher 1987: 143].

瑕瑣 フ琿 瑩蒡瑰褄褊韋;

鈞- ネ裝籵褄 珸籵 ォネ粽 裲 褪 矮, 瑙鞣韃 碯璢瑾 瑟胛 頸狃 (essay [Zatlin 1990: 3], リ褄;

瑰趾褊 ヒ 瑾;

瑰- epigrammatic and condensed essay [Brophy 鍄 タ蒿頌 砒裝韭瑾 ォヌ頸褄サ [メ瑟 1976: 51]), 瑕趺 瑣裨 (article [Lavers チ瑩裘 ヘ.ム., マ韭裘 ネ.タ. ニタヘミホツロノ ムネヘメナヌ ツ ンムムナネムメネハナ ホチミネ チナミトムヒネ (ォネムハモムムメツホ ミナハヒタフヘホテホ ルネメタサ ネ ォマミホムマナハメ トピ ツホヒワマホヘナサ).

1967: 265], short but cogent article [Walker beautiful as well as obvious, so much the better 1948: 18]). ヘ褓跖萵 蓁 ォ韈瑙胛 for the makers of soap and the public who are 褪狃 チ褞蓴 趺 瑟 褌 瑰粽胛 likely to washサ1. マ韲褶瑣褄, チ褞蓴 頌籵 胛蓴 裲瑟, ォ蒟- 顏褪 裄琿 瑶顏瑾, 胛 顆サ ォ珞瑙聰蓖サ 蔟萵 - 粽 裲瑟. ネ頏 粽 鞴裴, 珞 蒡趺粢 粽褥糒, 硴韆 裙 鞣蒻 瑩胚褊 韈 跖鈿, 韈 褪 瑙頡褥瑟 頌, 胛 , 瑩瑕褞 蓁 赳 .

褞裼 葢琅瑣 褪. ム粽碚蓖 瑰趺韃 裨, マ瑕瑣, 瑶顏, 裲瑟 褄 琿 頏籵 珮鈞瑟 糂聰褄 褓褌褌 瑣鞦 砒赳 籵 (now, then), 蔔褞鞣瑯 硴頽 XIX帽X 粐. ト.ツ.ム瑩珮 顏褪, ォ- 顆 裲 チ褞蓴, 裙 褌褊韃 蒡跫韭 鞴 瑰粽 韈粽蓴粽 砒蒻 頸瑣褄.

砒 鈞 瑕瑣, 鈞 裲瑟, 珸- マ瑕瑣, 裲瑟 チ褞蓴 鞣珞 粨蕘 頸褄胛 頌籵サ. マ褞- 褪 瑩竟瑟 瑙粽 跖粽頌, 糺 瑕瑣 粽 ヤ瑙韋 磊 鈕瑙 珞鞣 顏 裙瑣鞣 瑾 70- 聽., 褞糺 瑰褞 瑕瑣 裝裨: ォThe popular idea of a picture is 琿 ニ リ褞, 璞珞韜 珮瑣 something told in oil or writ in water to be hung 赳 襌 60- 聽. ホ碣 チ褞蓴 マ瑩韆 on a room痴 wall or in a picture gallery to perp 鈿瑕齏 粽褥粽 メ-ヒ裲, lex an artless public. Our modern painter タ.フ, ニ.リ褞 [Raby 1998: 53]. ヌ瑟褪韲, has merely to give a picture a good name and 粽 チ褞蓴 硴韭籵 hang itサ. ホ碣瑟韃 褞粽 裝趺韃 1894 ., フ 琿 韈粢褊 瑕 瑕瑣頌 粽褪瑙 popular idea artless public 鈕瑙 籵 1895 . 頸胙瑶- 蔔褞鞣 頸顆褥 褊韃 珞 籵 瑶顏 蓁 ム瑩 チ褞瑩 裹 メ裄- ォ碼襃竟サ. モ顆韆頸褄 ミ褊褥瑙. ツ 璞琿 1890靖 聽. ォ磊 鍄籵 糅褌褊 跖粽頌 (- 琿瑙鞣, , 褌 褊裹, 磊 齏- ォ瑰珸瑙蟒 瑰 齏 ォ瑜頌瑙蟒

瑣 蒡趺粢 蓖 瑕籵褄), チ褞蓴 瑕褊頏褪 粹韲瑙韃 跿琿篏 [モ褞 2002: 7]. ォ褌 珸籵韋サ 褌褊韋 ォ鈞 タ糘 ォネ籵 裲瑟胛 頸狃 萵頸サ 銜頸褄. ト籵趾 糘褪 肭璢 粽頷 珸褊 碣瓊瑯 碼褥- ォhangサ (粢頸) 褊 瑩竟瑟, 粢 鈿璞韲 瑕 瑰瑙褊 璧韲 褊 瑣 瑩竟 聰 裲瑟. ホ蓖瑕 褌頸 糺粱- 褞裨.

磅裲鞣 顆竟 粽鈿韭粢 ム瑙籵 跖粽頌 瑕瑣 (the poster) 胛 粱褊. ト チ褞蓴 籵跫裹 糺珸頸 瑕 粽胛 頌籵 鞣珞 粽 竟蒻粨蔘琿 褊韃, 褌 葢褞- 褊 竟韵 裼: ォNo one 頌裝籵 碼褥粢 - expects it to serve a useful purpose or take a 硴褌, 韃 ォ裝サ, 褊蒟- part in everyday existenceサ. ヘ韭 跖萵褪, 韋 裹 珸粨. メ琅頽韶 蓁 瑙粽 頌粽 碯蒟 跖 磅裲鞣 璞琿 粱褪 碚 裼 褄 齏 竟韲瑣 瑰韃 糂 瑕, 瑰趺韃 蔔褞鞣瑯 蓖裘 跖鈿. ヘ瑜鞣, 頌粽 瑕瑣 粽碚蓖 珸粨韃 - 粢瑯 竟韵瑟 裼, . チ褞蓴 糺瑯 鞣 糅褌褊 珞蕘籵 粽 褥粽籵韃, チ褞蓴 跖粽頌 鈞頸 粽胛 頌籵 瑕- 褊鞣瑯 跖褄 :

ォNow the poster first of all justified its existence .

マ褞糺 珮鈞 チ褞蓴 裼頌 on the grounds of utilityサ (鞣 璧 , 裲瑟 粱褪 ォ砒銛粹 - ヘ.チ., ネ.マ.). マ糘 籵 existence 蔔褞 磆蒻 糅褌褊 跖鈿霆, 褥 籵褪 鞣珞褊韃 瑙粽 跖粽 趺 磊 蒟瑙 瑕 趺 ォ瑰鞣サ, 瑕瑣.

瑕 ォサ, 襌 蓁 - ホ蓖瑕 裼 頌瑯, 韈粽蒻褄裨 蓁 硴韭, 褊 チ褞蓴, 瑰 裲瑟. フ 礪 : ォAdvertisement is an absolute 糺琥褊 , 頸顆 necessity of modern life, and if it can be made 胛 粽: ォand should it further aspire チ瑩裘 ヘ.ム., マ韭裘 ネ.タ. ニタヘミホツロノ ムネヘメナヌ ツ ンムムナネムメネハナ ホチミネ チナミトムヒネ (ォネムハモムムメツホ ミナハヒタフヘホテホ ルネメタサ ネ ォマミホムマナハメ トピ ツホヒワマホヘナサ).

to beauty of line and colourサ. チ褞蓴 蒿褞- take of the subject I have yet to learn. The first 跖籵褪 褌褊韃 瑕瑣頌 瑰 is, at least, no bad substitute for a hanging 竟韜 粢 頸瑯 粽銕跫 蒡- committee, and the clothes of the second are 裲瑟 頸 聰褞 跖粽頌 better company than somebody else痴 picture, (砒 瑣 鈞 糢 砒 瑣琿胛), 鈕- and less obtrusive than a background of stamped 褄裨 瑶顏 珞頸 蒻 跖粽頌- magenta paperサ. メ褌 瑟 蒡跫韭 褊 胛瑙蓴 齏 瑙鈞- 籵褪 頌粢 裲瑟 褌褊 裄 矜礪鉋瑟: ォmay not our hoardings 琿胛 蒟鴦粨 瑕褞 鞳.

claim kinship with the galleries, and the design- チ褞蓴 砒趾褊, 裲瑟 蒟瑯 ers of affiches pose proudly in the public eye as 蒡跫韭 粽碚蓖 褥珞裝鞣胛 萵 the masters of Holland Road or Bond Street 頸韭 瑰瑩鞣瑙 胛鬻裘, 鈔 Barbizon (and, recollect, no gate money, no ca- 褌 ォ蒟赳 蒻瑙サ 萵籵 talogue)?サ. モ竟 韈粢 跖粽頌 裝褊韃 ォ鞣瑣 褊蟒, 瑕趺 , 蒡跫韭 頏顆褥 頌銛褪 韈砒聰 ォ砒鴦篏, 鈞 聰 粽褪瑙 Road Bond Street2, 糺 鈞韃 碵粢 糺珞: ォHappy, then, 頌粽 頽 胛萵. those artists who thus escape the injustice of ju チ褞蓴 顏褪 襃韲瑙韋 頸韭- ries and the shuffling of dealers, and choose to , 蒡跫韭瑟 硴韭 頌籵 - keep that distance that lends enchantment to the 瑣. ハ琥 裙 裝裙 磅- private view, and avoid the world of worries 褪 碼韲 糀褶瑣褊韃 珞褊 that attends on those who elect to make an exhi 頽 齏 褶胛 粢, 胙鉅 bition of themselvesサ. マ瑕瑣 齏 瑶顏, 糺 蒡趾 褶瑣瑙 粢, 鈕瑙- 珞褊 頽 蓁 糂褓碼裙 碚銜 砒 瑟, 砒 頌 蒟頏粲: , 趾 碚 銜頸褄 琅 ォStill there is a general feeling that the artist 籵 琥蒡 趺.

who puts his art into the poster is dclass on ヘ瑕褻, 裲瑟 糺褪 the streets and consequently of light character. 蒡趺粢 聰韈璋韋 胛蓴 The critics can discover no brush work to prate 蕘. ツ 糺琥瑯 鞴 齏 蒟, of, the painter looks askance upon a thing that 褌齏 裝竟頸 瑰 achieves publicity without a frame, and beauty 銛. チ褞蓴 琅裹, 粨粽 without modelling, and the public find it hard to 碚 ヒ蒡 糂 鈞粢瑯 瑩珮褥瑟 take seriously a poor printed thing left to the 裲瑟: ォLondon will soon be resplendent mercy of sunshine, soot, and shower, like any with advertisements, and, against a leaden sky, old fresco over an Italian church doorサ. ツ - sky-signs will trace their formal arabesqueサ.

裝裨 珮鈞 チ褞蓴 褓跖萵 ハ瑰 ォ粽錮褪 胛 琅サ, 褄 珞鞣瑯 裲瑟 瑶顏 瑩竟 胙瑶 粽萵 褞褥瑙 磊 裝竟 褥 琅 糢蒡 頸琿 褞紆, 粢 琅, 蒡粱褪粽裨 褪 褌 瑟 瑜褄頏 鈿瑟褊頸 ォ- 褥韃 糂籵 胙琥萵: ォBeauty has laid 粽蒻褄サ ト跟 ミ褥竟3. siege to the city, and telegraph wires shall no ヌ瓊顋 裲瑟, チ褞蓴 珸蒟褪 longer be the sole joy of our aesthetic percep 鴒鞣 褊韃 頸韭 , ォ- tionsサ. ツ 瑰琥 跫 硼瑩跖 裝 頌籵 瑕琅籵褪 粽 琿鉅 鉅 糅褌褊韭 チ褞蓴, 褶瑣 粽褥粽 萵趺 頷 瑰褞 頸韭 タ.ム韲, 裲 蒟. ネ碚 瑕 頏韲 裔頸- 頷瑾 蒟 胛蒡 ォ碯褪 褌 胛 糅褌褊 鈞褄 裘瑣 難- 裲瑟 頌粢胛 粢褊サ, 褥阡 襌瑙胛 粲狃 [ム瑩珮 裙 褊韃 ォ 胛蔘 頸 褪顆褥韜 2001: 21]. マ 褊 瑙肭韜胛 胙瑶韭, 瑩瑕褞サ [チ瑕瑙籵 1986: 10].

瑰裨韭 瑶顏 (the bill-sticker) 趺 鈞- ヘ琲碚裹 韶琿褊 ォネ粢 裲 褊頸 糺珞 頸褪, 褄粢- 瑟胛 頸狃 裝韜 珮鈞, 聿 襃 裲瑟 (sandwich man) - 裝粢 粱褪 ォサ 珞. チ褞蓴 , 褌 -鞦 瑩竟, 褊裹 珞銷- 蔟蒻 珸胛粽 襄顆褥 籵, 褌 瑟籵 竟籵 碯璢: 頌籵 瑕瑣, 礪瑯 ォWhat view the bill-sticker and sandwich man 珞鞣瑣 瑕韃-鞦 珞齏 褪, チ瑩裘 ヘ.ム., マ韭裘 ネ.タ. ニタヘミホツロノ ムネヘメナヌ ツ ンムムナネムメネハナ ホチミネ チナミトムヒネ (ォネムハモムムメツホ ミナハヒタフヘホテホ ルネメタサ ネ ォマミホムマナハメ トピ ツホヒワマホヘナサ).

瑕 瑕 碚碼褊韃 趺 鞣褶頸 - ホ碯 砒蒻褄 韶琿 : ォNow, as to the technicalities of the 褌 鞴瑯 顆 褊韃 珞 art, I have nothing to say. To generalise upon 碵趾瑯 褌. チ褞蓴 瑟 頌籵 any subject is to fall foul of the particular, and 瑕瑣, 糺 鈞 糒 頌 稚were futile to lay down any rules for the mak- 籵, 鈞 褄, XIX . ォ韭瑕 ing of postersサ. ホ 珸籵褪 瑣 琿 糺韲霆 [ム瑩珮 2001: 21]. マ ォ頸褄 頌籵サ, 鞴頸, 瑕 粨蒟褄糒 マ.ミ珮, 瑕頌 褂頌褞 聰 瑰褥, 韈 赳胛 蒡趺- ヤ褊 ヤ瑩 (Florence Farr) 齏 粢 瑰褞頷, 鈕珞 裙 砒蓖 チ褞蓴 瑩頌籵 胙瑟 蓁 ォハ 珸籵 頸韭: ォOne痴 ears 蒻 粡蒡篏 ト跟 メ蔟瑙褞 (ォA Comedy are weary of the voice of the art teacher who of Sightsサ by John Todhunter). ホ 瑙頏 sits like the parrot on his perch, learning the jar- 籵瑰 蓁 裝珞褊 メ裄 タ粢 gon of the studios, making but poor copy and 瑩 1894 ., チ褞蓴 蒟琿 胙瑟 calling it criticismサ. ヒ頏顆褥 ォサ 鈕褥 褞 (碚 瑕瑣), 褥 褞 瑰頏褪 蒡 硴頽頌顆褥胛 ォサ: 褄 鞨. メ聿 磊 糺鈔瑙 チ褞瑩 リ ォWe have had enough of their omniscience, 蓁 鈕瑙 粽 褥 (ォArms and the their parade of technical knowledge, and their Manサ) 粡瑟褊 裝蔘裨. ミ頌 チ褞蓴 predilection for the wrong end of the stickサ / 琿 頌鉋籵 蓁 瑙粲 ォヘ瑟 趺 琅褄 頷 糂裘裝褊韃, 頷 蒟- [Raby 1998: 53].

瑣鞣 珸 襄顆褥胛 鈿瑙 頷 ハ 頌糒 裄 チ褞蓴-頸韭 襃 韲瑣 糂 粢褊 襃- 裝粢 碣瓊瑯 ォマ裲 蓁 粨サ. ミ裼 頽瑣褄 褊韃 ツ蟒 (1897, 硴. 1898). ォツ, 頸韭瑟 蒟褪 チ褞蓴 瑰顆褥 齏 ヒ頌サ 裝 チ褊 ト跟 (1573 琿-蒻萵顆褥 琅頽韋 瑙肭韜- 1637), XVII . 磊 ォ韈瑙 胛 裹 珸鞴瑣褄 (瑜韲褞, 瑰韭サ, 裙 裝 ォ糂褌 韈粢 ム.ト跟). ホ 褪褊蔘褪 ォ頌- 裝裘サ [マ瑩褊 1982: 39].

褞籵 瑕粲 裝褪狃 [ユ琿- タ.ム竟砒 1888 . 鈕琿 ォン チ褊 鈑 2000: 317]. ト跟蟒, ト.ン.ム琺蓴 瑜頌琿 鞳 ツ 趺 糅褌, 瑟裲, 粢, メ- ォチ褊 ト跟サ (褞 ォタ肭韜韃 瑰 -ヒ裲, リ褞, テ瑰 蓿肛 糅- 霆), 韈萵 頸褞瑣 褞裘蔔韭 褊韭-瑕瑣頌, チ褞蓴 裝璢瑯 ン蓿 ヒ. ヘ 鞳 ホ.モ琺 瑜 萵 琅褥 ォ蓙褊褊篏, 鈿, 褪 ォ褪顆褥 竟鞨サ, ォ褻褊 瑕韲 蒡趺 磊 瑕瑣. ホ ォ粡 頌- 鉅サ, 糀褞糺 硴韭籵 砒 蔡頌 粽 粽 胚 萵 糂 - 褂褊裝褄韭 ォPall-Mallサ 20 褊碣 磆蒻 竟璋サ: ォBut if there be 1886 . [フ瑣 1993: 481, 491]. ツ 粢 any who desire to know not how posters are 粨 赳 褻褊鉅 モ琺 鍄籵褪 made but how they should be, I doubt not that 粽 粱褊韃 頸褞瑣 跖鈿 砒赳 I could give them the addresses of one or two XIX帽X 粐. 硴韭籵 gentlemen who, having taken art under their 礪胙瑶 瑙肭韜胛 蓿瑟瑣聰 璞琿 wing, would give all necessary informationサ. XVII . ホ褶 跖褄 頽 ム粽碚萵 瑕 赳糺 韈瑕 - 褄 蒟赳 齏 鞳 褪 チ褞蓴 珞 ト.ン.ム琺蓴, 銛褪 瑯, 磅裲鞣, 瑩褊韋 胙瑙頽, 磊 糺珸瑣 碵粢 褊韃 糺蒟 裄 跖鈿, 裲 瑾 ト跟, 蓿瑟瑣顆褥胛 襃裝粢 碣瓊褊韋 頸瑣褄. 瑩瑕褞 粽碼 褥粽籵韋 瑕胛 ツ 硼瑩跖籵褪 裔 硴頽頌顆- 褊褊, 瑕 頸韭 褥 [モ琺 , 裙 顆韃 碵粢 蒡- 1993, 2: 121-125].

趺粢 頸褞瑣 (fiction), 聿 珞 チ褞蓴 粢 裴 鈕瑯 糺褊 褪顆褥 鈞粢- ン.テ (Edmund Gosse), 裝跖糲裙 褊 碣珸. チ裹 胛, ォネ粽 裲- 蒡跫韭 襌 1895 . 蓁 齏 瑟胛 頸狃 チ褞蓴 瑟 碣褪瑯 裲- 籵 鞳 (ォフ琅褌珸褄 蒟 フ 瑟 瑩瑕褞. 褊サ メ.テ, ォツ蟒 チ.ト跟 チ瑩裘 ヘ.ム., マ韭裘 ネ.タ. ニタヘミホツロノ ムネヘメナヌ ツ ンムムナネムメネハナ ホチミネ チナミトムヒネ (ォネムハモムムメツホ ミナハヒタフヘホテホ ルネメタサ ネ ォマミホムマナハメ トピ ツホヒワマホヘナサ).

ォマ顋褊韃 狃 タ.マ), 1897 粽 籵跫 蓁 裙 鞳: 頌頌, . 碣瓊瑯 褥 チ褊 ト跟 [Nelson 硴跛, 碯粨. マ 籵 2000: 143] 珮 琅 タ裲- タ.ム韲, チ褞蓴 鈞肭珞 碯粢 Vol 瑙蓿 マ 瑙 メ褓齏 テ. pone ォ糀褞糺蟒 瑩頌籵 ォ璢 鞳 ツ鈿韭韃 糅褌 ヒ.ム頸褞 竟瑙- 裄頌顆サ [ム韲 1992: 247].

糺 蓖, 鈞 瑰萵 マ褥 チ.ト跟 粭粨 蒡跫 硴韭璋 胙瑶顆褥頷 頌 瑙 鈕瑙韃 胙瑶顆褥頷 頌 メ.テ ォフ琅珸褄 蒟 フ褊サ, - , . ム頸褞 顏褪 19 蒟 琿 胙瑶韭 韈萵褄, ォ瑕 葢 裙- 珮 1897 . 鈞蔘瑙 韲 ォ裔 褊 瑩サ (like two giddy boys), 瑣蟒 蓁 粽胛 跿琿 ォマ珞竟サ (The 粡 鈞 裲 ツ ォ 蒡粽粨褌 Peacock), 瑙褪 裹韭 ォム 粢褄 褞肛裨サ (with gusto and gay ab- 粽サ 碯蒟 鈕珞瑣 粮褥 チ褞蓴 andon) [Ibid: 162]. ヒ.ム頸褞 [The Letters 1970: 409 マ褞裹珞 韈 蓖胛 瑙胛 マ- 413]. ツ 蒟珮 1897 . チ褞蓴 瑯 Volponeサ

韆, チ褞蓴 20 碣 1897 . 褄褪 ォProspectus for 韈萵褄 瑣褞 .フ褊 Htel Cosmopolitatian ヒ.ム頸褞. マ裲, 蒟赳韜 頌瑯 鈕瑙 頌 褥 頌頌, 褶瑣瑙 砒 碯璢 ト跟 ォツ蟒 (1607), - (art paper), ォ鈞褶瑙サ (notes) チ褞蓴 裝韲 裙 跖鈿. ツ 頌 24 裝韋 チ.ト跟 ォツ蟒, 粨 碣 胙瑶韭 碼瑯 褥 フ鱆褄: ォ゚ 璞琿 籵 1898 . [Nelson 2000: 164 珮 琅 督蜚 , 磊 166], 韈萵 胛 趺 胛萵 璞褥粢 籵齏 褞褊 蒟瑣 糂 瑟褶褊- 裲瑟 蓁 碯蔘裨 鞳 齏璋 頌, 褂蒟 褌 璞 頷 萵- . チ褞蓴 萵 鈞頸 齏 籵サ. ネ 萵裹: ォ督蜚 頸 鈞- 頏籵韃 鞳: 16 瑩 1898 . 褶瑣褄鮟 (頌 フ鱆褄 3 蒟珮- 琿 フ褊 (ヤ瑙). ツ 蒟珮 粨 );

ォム裨瑰 頌 瑩竟 裲瑰 蒟 粢 韈萵韃, 粽 頸 蒻粨褄 (adorable and astonishing [The 褥 ト跟 ツ.ホ柘琿鞣瑙, Letters 1970: 406]) 褥 督蜚 チ褊 裙頏韭 チ褞蓴, 瑜頌瑙 ミ.ミ, ト跟, 瑕 趺琺 萵霆 齏璋韋 (頌頌, 碯粨, (頌 ヤ.テ.ン籵 11 蒟珮);

ォメ 跛) チ褞蓴 [Ibid: 168].

頸琿 督蜚;

゚ 蔘 タ肭韜韜 胙瑶韭 裲瑰 粱琅裹 鈞頸 褥!サ (頌 赳 瑙. ラ磊 蒟頏籵 フ鱆褄 24 裘琿 1898 .) [チ褞蓴裨 鉅韶-蒟赳褄 糺粢褊 2001: 272-274, 299]. ォマ裲 蓁 督蜚サ, 瑙 マ齏頏籵 チ褞蓴 褥 韈頏褌 琥蕘 璢褊.

ォツ蟒 瑙頏籵瑰 硴韭璋韋 瑕 ツ 褞粽 珮鈞 萵褪 瑣 頌 蒟 鞳. テ瑶韭 蒡胛籵鞣瑯 褥 珞 褥: ォVolpone was first ホ柘琿鞣瑙, 磊 瑜頌琿 裝頌- brought out at the Globe Theatre in 1605 and 粨 韈萵, ト 鈞 裝瑕 printed in quarto in 1607, after having been 韲褶瑙. ハ鞳 蒡跫 磊 磊 acted with great applause at both Universities, 粢褊 褓磊. ツ 頌 and was republished by Jonson in 1616 without ヒ.ム頸褞 チ褞蓴 顏褪, 碯蒟 alterations or additions. Volpone is undoubtedly 碚 鞳 (as big as an atlas [The the finest comedy in the English language out Letters 1970: 418]), 籵跫 鞳 (im- side the works of Shakespeareサ / ォ督蜚 portant book 鞣 チ褞蓴), - 磊 糀褞糺 珞褊 裄 禿碯 瑟. ム 齏瑣鞣 蒟瑣鞣 1605 . 瑜褶瑣瑙 瑣 竟-籵 裲 銜褊 碯蒟 赳 磊 1607 ., 磊 胙瑙 胙 瑜 蓿肛 蒡趺粢 鞳 (any other arty 蒻褊 碚頷 鞣褞頸褪瑾 褞裴 book) 蒡跫 碯蒻 竟褞褥 裔 萵 ト跟 1616 . 砒 韈褊褊韜 (must create some attention 鞣 チ褞蓴) 蒡矜粱褊韜. 督蜚, 砒 褊, 琲 [Ibid: 409]. テ瑶韭 褄 鈕瑣 - 裝 瑙肭韜 鍄, 頌 (韈 24 鈞蔘瑙) 頸 韈粢蒟韜 リ裲頏狃. ホ褶褥 チ瑩裘 ヘ.ム., マ韭裘 ネ.タ. ニタヘミホツロノ ムネヘメナヌ ツ ンムムナネムメネハナ ホチミネ チナミトムヒネ (ォネムハモムムメツホ ミナハヒタフヘホテホ ルネメタサ ネ ォマミホムマナハメ トピ ツホヒワマホヘナサ).

粢 頸褞瑣粢蕘, 瑰, 赳 ォ褪顆褥 竟鞨サ ( 頏 テ.ツ.タ韭竟 ヘ.マ.フ頷琿, 胛粽 頸褞瑣-頸顆褥 裴韭 胛 粽褥粢 ト跟, 粨, - 糅褌褊, 瑰 ホ.モ琺萵) [フ瑣 , 粽褓碣珸 頸胛 頌- 1993: 481]. ツ 萵 瑯 瑙銖韜 韋 蓿瑟瑣肛 瑙肭韜胛 ミ褊褥瑙, 鍄 竟瑙韃 メ頽鞨 鈕 蓿胛 銛韲 鈔褊 褂蔘 裄韈- 瑙 瑣褞, 瑩 褥.

ト琿裹 チ褞蓴 粐蒻 ォツ蟒 ツ銜趾褊 瑰頽韈 XVII ., 琅頽韶 褶 褊 顆韃 裲 粽褥籵 チ褊 ト跟 (ォタ 瑩瑕褞 リ裲頏 ト跟. リ裲頏 韭サ, ォツ瑩裹糂 瑩狃, ォフ 褥瑾 珸籵褪 胛胙瑙, 珸- 鞣 趺竟狃), 褶, 韈碣琥褊韋 褄粢, 襃- 聿 碚 瑕韲 粢褊粽 糘韲 竟蒻粨蔘琿. モ ト跟 粨 裙 琿瑙: ォ韈頸褄 竟褄裲 瑩瑕褞 瑣顆, 頷 蔔褞鞣瑯 韜 瑣頏顆褥韜 肄韜サ (prodigious 碼, 粹, 裝褄 褞 [タ- intellect and ardent satirical genius). チ裹 竟 1985: 81,82]. ン 銜褊 糀琅瑯 胛, ォツ蟒 珞鞣瑯 齏頏 褊韃 ト.ン.ム琺蓴, モ琺, 籵 瑟韲 チ褞蓴 瑣頏瑟 ゙粢琿, チ褞蓴 珸蒟 裙, 珞鞣 蓖 , 裝 フ褞 ト跟 リ裲頏 [モ琺 1993, 2: 蓿胛.

123]. ム 蓖 , チ褞蓴 粢趾瑯, ム裝裹 裝趺韃 チ褞蓴 瑣頏顆褥 璞琿 裝韋 ト跟 蒟跖 褪 趺 糅褌 韶- 跫 珞頸 鈿瑟褊頸 粽 琿 瑩瑕褞頌韭 鞴裴 (conception), 瑣竟胛 瑶 (齏 頌褊 (execution) 蒡竟 (merits) 裼褊 裙蒡籵, 瑰 鉈砒) 褥, 糺琥褊 褊 頸褪瑟: 粢蒟 肄裘: ォThe whole of Juvenal痴 ォDaring and forcible in conception, brilliant and satires are not more full of scorn and indigna faultless in execution, its extraordinary merits tion than this one play, and the portraits which have excited the enthusiasm of all criticsサ / the Latin poet has given us of the letchers, do ォト褞鉤 砒蒻褄 鞴裹, 硴褥 tards, pimps and parasites of Rome, are not 砒銛褶 頌褊 裹 裼- drawn with a more passionate virulence than the 蓖 蒡竟籵 糺鈔琿 粽 糂襄 English dramatist has displayed in the portrayal 頸韭篏. ト 蔗粢趾褊 碵粢 of the Venetian magnifico, his creatures and his 褊 チ褞蓴 頌銛褪 頸瑣 ォ粽- gullsサ. ナ ゙粢琿 蒟鴦糒 珸糅瑣 頸褄 瑙頽サ (the most splendid 韭, 肭 瑩韭, 粽蓖韭, 蔕, pages) ォツ蟒 韈 ォ鈿瑟褊頸胛 萵サ ト跟 蒟 粢瑯 (famous work) 粢韭胛 瑙銖胛 頌- 粢褻鞨韜 粢赳.

韭 瑙肭韜 頸褞瑣 (great French ム 蓿胛 , チ褞蓴 珸褪 historian of English literature), 胛 チ褞- 赳 ォツ蟒, 珞鞣 裙 蓴 珸籵褪 ォテ褊 メサ (Henry Taine)5: 蒻 フ褞 ォフ韈瑙サ, ォハ瑟褊 ォuvre sublime, la plus vive peinture des 胛サ, ォム鮟, 碚 磊 murs du sicle, o s稚ale la pleine beaut 蒡 珸籵 璢裝. チ裼赳 des convoitises mchantes, o la luxure, la 珸硴璞褊韃 ヒ頌 (ツ) 竟琿 cruaut, l誕mour de l弛r, l段mpudeur de vice, 褥 裝珞褪 チ褞蓴 裹 赳 dploient une poesie sinistre et splendide, digne , 褌 蒡瑣: ォLike Le Misanth d置ne bacchanale du Titienサ / ォ粢褊 rope, Le Festin de Pierre, like L但vare, Volpone 粽褊韃, 瑟 跖粽 裙 might more fitly be styled a tragedy, for the piti 粢, 瑰籵裹 裲瑰 less unmasking of the fox at the conclusion of 蔘 粽趾褄褊韜, 聿 琅瑰韃, 趺- the play is terrible rather than sufficientサ. ヘ , 碚紆 鉋, 砒蓴糒, - 韲, 竟琿 ツ 糺萵褪 鈕 鉈粢 粢韭襃 - 胚-碼韭 フ, 褄 竟鞳 鉅, 蒡鳫 籵瑙琿韋 メ頽鞨狃. 鞣 粽裙 竟, 瑟 ツ ホ礪 頸頏籵韃 (瑕 跖粽頌 趺 顏瑯 糂裙 , 琥 褌竟頌褊韋) 褻頡顆褥 褞 胛 碆瑙 褌 [ト跟 1960].

チ瑩裘 ヘ.ム., マ韭裘 ネ.タ. ニタヘミホツロノ ムネヘメナヌ ツ ンムムナネムメネハナ ホチミネ チナミトムヒネ (ォネムハモムムメツホ ミナハヒタフヘホテホ ルネメタサ ネ ォマミホムマナハメ トピ ツホヒワマホヘナサ).

チ褞蓴 粽顋瑯 鞣褶鞣 much gusto and sureness as a finished comedian 瑩瑕褞 肄 裝韋 ト跟: ォVol- for whom the stage has not yet lost its glamour, pone is a splendid sinner and compels our admi- and each new part gives him the huge pleasure ration by the fineness and very excess of his of developing and accentuating some characte wickedness. We are scarcely shocked by his ristic of his inexhaustibly rich nature, and of ex lust, so magnificent is the vehemence of his pas- ercising his immensely fertile brainサ / ォフ瑰, sion, and we marvel and are aghast rather than 鈞 硴琅 蓁 裙 襃褓蒡 disgusted at his cunning and audacityサ / ォツ- 頸聰褄, 紆 韲 褶褪 裙 粢韭襃 胙褸韭, 糺鍄- 粢瑾. チ 裲, 韲鈞, 粢韭 籵韜 璧 粽顋褊韃 韈褥粽 - 襃 鞳瑣 蓁 裙 瑕 趺 裴釿 裙 鉈蒟. フ 糅 - 碚 琅, 瑕 鈿瑙韃 瑟 瑰 頏籵 裙 粽趾褄褊韃 瑕 粢韭襃- 頷 硼裨 齏;

瑕 粢褊 褫褞褊 裙 瑰, 裹 鞳瑯, 瑕 韈頸褄 韲粨鉅褪! ホ 粽顋褊 褄褊, 褌 糂糒褌 蔟籵籵褪 瑕韲 胙 蒡 糅瓊褊韃 裙 頸 蒟鉋霆. 粽粨褌 粢褊, 瑕 趺 ホ碚碼褊-顆 ォサ 蔔褞鞣- 裝鞨, 蓁 胛 褊 襌 褞 褪 粽顋褊韃 チ褞蓴, 糺琥褊 瑰- 粽裙 瑩籵, 琥萵 籵 蒡珞 蒡 褊 裲韭, 瑕趺 瑰 褪 褌 胙琅 蒡粽粨, 珸粨籵 粢韭襃 碆瑙 瑩瑕褞 肄. 瑕褊頏 裲 瑩瑕褞 褞 裙 ン 瑰 琿裙顆褥 裝珞褊 裴褞瑯 碚聰 瑣 琥 裙 頸瑣 韈 珮 タ.ラ.ム竟砒 ォStudy of 褓磊琺 蒡粨 鈬サ (鞣 璧 Ben Jonsonサ: ォthere is something throughout ヘ.チ., ネ.マ.). メ裄琿韈璋 碣珸 ツ of the lion as well as the fox in this original and 瑯 糂褥裹 粢褊韃 褞裼 incomparable figureサ / ォ褥 - 粨 褞 肛褞碚韈璋 褊 頌頽 鞳竟琿 褥珞- 瑕褞頌韭 裙 瑣.

褊 鞳蟒. チ褞蓴 糀頌籵褪 瑰瑣鞣瑯 チ褞蓴 褶瑯 ツ 裝竟褊韃 裝 チ褊 ト跟 裲 瑕頷 蒡竟頏頷 頸琿 瑩瑕- 砒赳 XVI帽VII 粐., 瑩瑕褞 蓁 褞 褞 (equally dominant in the Italian), 瑕 赳 頌粽粢蔔褥 瑣. ツ褥 ォ硼 蒡粽粨サ (capacity for 褌 珞 鈞褪 粹韲瑙韃 顏 pleasure), ォ硼 褥褊サ 趺韋 頸琿 頏蕘 韈粢蒟 (capacity for crime) ォ瑰 裄サ (the 瑙肭韜頷 : ォOne of the most strik passion for the theatre). ム瑰 蒡粽- ing features in Elizabethan and Jacobean drama 粨 蓁 ツ, 褊 チ褞蓴, 籵- is the wonderful knowledge which our poets 裹, 褌 瑰 褥褊. ト 裙 possess of the Italian nature, but it is generally 瑕 籵跫 硴琅瑣 鉋 ( 裼頏- upon the more gloomy side of that nature that 褪 赳蓖, ), 瑕 蒡粱褪粽 they have dwelt with the greatest successサ / 粽 裔 裙 [マ瑩- ォホ蓖 韈 瑟 珸頸褄 褞 蓿瑟 1982: 62]. ホ碆瑙 赳頷 竟頸 裘 ナ韈珞褪 I ゚籵 褌 頌褊 琅. I 裲瑰 鈿瑙韃 頸琿 ヘ 碚 蒡粽粨 ツ, 蕘 璧頷 , 粽裨 鉅 籵 チ褞蓴, 蒡珞 裄琿 琲碚裹 褸 珸齏 璞 褞褓蒟籵. タ肭韜韜 蒡跫韭 蒟- 頏蕘サ.

碚 糂裙 褊頸 瑕褞 瑰褞粽 ツ紆 頸頏 頌 瑙肭韜 頸琿胛 : ォDisguise, costume, and 褞瑣 メ, チ褞蓴 蔔褞鞣瑯 the attitude have an irresistible attraction for ツ beau-idal, 瑩瑕褞 蓁 ネ him, the blood of the mime is in his veins. To be 韋 XVII ., 瑕韲 裝珞褊 ォニ韈 effective, to be imposing, to play a part magni- 褓頌瑙韋 チ褊粢 ラ褄竟霆: ォIn Vol ficently, are as much a joy to him as the con- pone we find the beau-idal of manhood as the sciousness of the most real qualities and powers;

seventeenth century in Italy conceived it. 擢aire and how perfectly Volpone acts, how marvell- de l檀omme un tre fort, muni de genie, ously he improvises! He takes up a rle with as d誕udace, de presence d痴prit, de fine politi チ瑩裘 ヘ.ム., マ韭裘 ネ.タ. ニタヘミホツロノ ムネヘメナヌ ツ ンムムナネムメネハナ ホチミネ チナミトムヒネ (ォネムハモムムメツホ ミナハヒタフヘホテホ ルネメタサ ネ ォマミホムマナハメ トピ ツホヒワマホヘナサ).

que, de dissimulation, de patience, et tourner 頌褊, 琿鉅, 珞褊 toute cette puissance la recherche de tous les 鞣珞褊.

plaisirs, de luxe, des arts, des lettres, de l誕utorit, c弾st--dire, fermer et dchaner un animal admirable et redoutable, such, in the words of Taine, was the aim of polite education in the days of Benvenuto Celliniサ. メ 蔔褞 鞣瑯, 鈕瑣 褄粢, 琅褄褊胛 齏, 肄鞨, 籵胛, 頌粨 褌 蔘, 頸顆褥韲 褌, , 褞褊韃 粢 糂 頌 蒡粽粨, , 頌 籵, 頸褞瑣, 粱瑰 鈿璞頸 鈞 褞褪 糺頸 粽碚蔘 ォ粽頸 褄 胙鈿 跖粽蟒. ヤ瑙銖韜 鍄 齏鞣瑯 糂粢, 韈韶肛 韜 瑩瑕褞 ツ 竟褞褪璋韋 メ チ褞蓴. マ 籵 胛 頌 蒡籵褄 裝韋 ト跟, 褊褥瑙 マ韃 瑰, 褓蓖瑣 頌 顆 頽瑣褄 裹 籵鞨 銛褌 粢 裲, 聰韈褪 ォ褄粢-鈔褞サ [マ瑩褊 1982: 55]. 鉅 頌 ォツ, ツ 裝褌 珮鈞 碣珸 ツ 韜 粽韲 碚聰籵サ, 襌褊胛 瑯 糺 碚碼韜 瑕褊 褞裼 粮褥 瑙琿韈頏籵 糺 鈞 瑰鞨 瑙顆: ォThe qualities 瑙. ヘ 蓖 瑰 頌 韈碣琥褊 which the Latin nations admire most are beauty, 砒 蒟韃 肄 褞 褊, strength, cunning and versatility, and Volpone is 珸蒟褊 韲 肛 竟 Latin to the finger tipsサ / ォハ璞褥籵, 肄褪顆褥韃 鞳. ヘ 蓿胛 瑰 瑣竟韃 璋韋 粽顋 碚 糂裙, 鈞 鈞珞褥 韈 ォサ 韭 瑰, 齏, 頸 珸- 琿瑩 趺粽 蓿璢褊裨. マ , ツ 瑣竟竟 蒡 韭 裘 瑰 頌 鞣珞褊 琿裘サ. リ粢鴕瑩韜 頌韭 趺粢 蒟琿裨 珞 瑰. ム マ褞 チ瑩 裝璢瑯, 瑰 裘- 裝竟 砒 瑰 鈞褊 (頌韜) 粽胛, 胛, 鞣胛 瑩韭 (瑕 - 齏 ツ 頸粢 趺 韜 韵 瑩蓖 裝韋) 珸籵褪 , 韃 蓿璢褊. ム褊顆 マ瑜 瑣褄瑙頷 銜褄顋瑾, ナ粲琿韶- 瑙籵 蔔褞鞣瑯 マ珞, マ瑙 ツ褊褻韋, ツ- 鈞珞褥, 韈 糺粢 チ褊 ト跟 粽 瑙銖 鈔瑙韃 褥 珞 粢褌 肭 瑰顆褥 裄, テ瑩璢 チ瑩 . チ褞蓴 蒿褞跖籵褪 琿裙韈 [チ瑩 1991: 240]. ト跟 鈕瑙韋 粱褶褊 ヘ瑕褻, 鈞頸褄 瑕 竟珸瑣褄胛 碣珸 ツ-ヒ頌, チ褞蓴 粽鈔瓊瑯 頸瑣褄 粢韭 顏裝裙 韈 瑩蓖 襄粽 瑙肭韜 糅褌褊韭 ト跟 , 碚聰 裙 韈褊 糂粢 リ裲頏 韵肛褥 珞- .

韋 跫胛 褌褞瑟褊 ツ - メ瑕韲 碣珸, 裝竟褊韃 硴頽頌 粢 テ瑟褪: ォHe is as perfect an epi- 蒡趺粢, 褥韶琿胛 tome of the Southern races as Hamlet is of the 頸頽韈 磅裲鞣 珞頷 珸 Northernサ / ォホ 瑕 趺 粢褊 粽- 褊韜, 裲瑟胛 瑙 顆胛 褊韃 跫 瑰, 瑕 テ瑟褪 裘褞- 粽褥籵, 裄琿 襃裝粢 鮟. マ鞣裲 頏韜 瑪, 裄- ォネ粢 裲瑟胛 頸狃 琿, 顆褥韜, 鍄粽 裲, ォマ裲 蓁 ツ蟒 瑰頏褪 赳 チ褞蓴 鞴褪 瑰胛 碼褌 碣瑣- 糺 胙瑙頽 瑰顆褥胛 瑙肭韜胛 , 鞳 胛頌褊 頸瑣瑟, 褌 チ瑩裘 ヘ.ム., マ韭裘 ネ.タ. ニタヘミホツロノ ムネヘメナヌ ツ ンムムナネムメネハナ ホチミネ チナミトムヒネ (ォネムハモムムメツホ ミナハヒタフヘホテホ ルネメタサ ネ ォマミホムマナハメ トピ ツホヒワマホヘナサ).

, 鈔 胛粽頸 粽韋 赳 襁. 蒻. 瑙. 齏. 瑪. ム瑩瑣, 砒趺 XIX-XX 粐., 胛蓴籵 1995.

ト跟 チ. ツ / チ鞦韶裲 蓿 ォ齏 蒟サ. マ瑙琿韈頏籵 瑟 裲 蔔褞鞣 チ褞蓴- 瑣聰;

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SYNTHESIS OF GENRES IN AUBREY BEARDSLEY担 ESSAYS (THE ART OF HOARDING AND PROSPECTUS FOR VOLPONE) Nina S. Bochkareva Professor of the Department of World Literature and Culture Perm State University Irina A. Pikuleva Assistant of the Department of World Literature and Culture Perm State University The article discusses two prosaic works of the famous English graphic artist of the XIX cen tury Aubrey Beardsley The Art of Hoadring and Prospectus for Volpone. A consecutive analysis of these works reveals some peculiarities of their composition and content: an amalgam of genre traits of an essay, a publicistic article and advertisement. Beardsley痴 synthetic mind shows in the way he addresses various literary genres and kinds of art. Involving a broad scientific, theatrical, poetic, national and linguistic context, Beardsley plays with numerous quotations, reminiscences, allusions.

Bringing together professional criticism and subjective reflections, the propaganda of classical and contemporary art with his personal creative work, he expands genre boarders of the English essay, which allows to judge about its evolution on the verge of the XIX and XX centuries in the epoch of art nouveau.

Keywords: synthesis;

genre;

essay;

advertisement;

publicicity;

Aubrey Beardsley.



 














 
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